Antonio Gramsci’s Democratic Model of Education

Author/s: Abdullah Durakoğlu, Ülkü Güney

DOI: 10.16917/IU/tjs.99959

OnlineFirst published on December 11, 2015

Year: 2015 Vol: 35 Number: 1


This study discusses the ideas of the Italian philosopher Antonio Gramsci (1891–1937) with respect to the democratic model of education. It considers hegemony as one of the basic concepts to analyse the relation between dominance and leadership. The theory of hegemony is an integral part of Gramsci’s discussion about the questions of education in Prison Notes. To reproduce hegemony Gramsci assigns important roles to intellectuals in the education system as they may contribute to or counteract the reproduction of hegemony through teaching. This study covers Gramsci’s critique about the modern educational system and reveals that such critique does not target the problem of whether the relation between education and politics should be eliminated. In this context, the study results expose that, for Gramsci, democratic education could be possible through the effect of education on politics, not the effect of politics on education.

Gramsci, education, hegemony, intellectuals, philosophy of praxis

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