Changes of Scientific Productivity in Japan from 1975 to 2010: Focusing on Second-tier Research Universities

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DOI: 10.16917/sd.17874

OnlineFirst published on December 11, 2015

Year: 2015 Vol: 35 Number: 1

Abstract

This study shows changes in scientific productivity in Japan. After Japan became the second largest country in science production in the 1990s, Japan’s position declined to fifth in 2010. National universities are the core of science production, and from 1995–2000, national universities, who are not among the top 10, expanded their number of articles published as much as those among the top 10 national universities. However, under decreases in basic governmental block grants from 2005 and the expansion of competitive funds, the number of articles published by universities who were not among the top 10 stagnated, especially, the number of articles published by second-tier research universities decreased. From this result, I show the importance of second-tier research universities for science production as a country; furthermore, I demonstrate that competitive funds are not a panacea for science production.

Keywords
Scientific productivity, Japan, National university, Research university, Competitive funds, and Block grants

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