Trajectory of Intra-generational and Inter-generational Social Mobility: The Case of Ankara

Author/s: Irmak Karademir Hazır, Kezban Çelik, Sibel Kalaycıoğlu

DOI: 10.16917/sd.68905

OnlineFirst published on September 20, 2016

Year: Vol: Number:


The empirical studies measuring social mobility dynamics in Western contexts draw on nationally representative datasets. However, at the time of this presented research was designed, such a representative study was not conducted in Turkey. This paper will fill a gap in Turkish stratification literature by using a data that represents the capital city, Ankara. It aims to (1) identify the indicators that demarcate socio-economic status groups and (2) to discover the patterns of social mobility across these S.E.S groups. The survey questions were designed to collect information on three generations (individual-father/mother grandmother/grandfather). The analysis suggests that the mobility trajectories are deeply influenced by the structural changes that took place throughout Turkey’s modernization period. Moreover, it reveals that the mobility patterns exhibit the character of “absolute mobility,” rather than “relative mobility.” Thirdly, the trajectories of the social mobility in Turkey are very much gendered. The paper closes by discussing the significance of the findings in relation to the literature on Anglo-Saxon mobility dynamics and Turkish modernization.

Social stratification • Socio-economic status measurement • Inter-generational/intra generational mobility • Ankara

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